Elimination Target Year
At a Glance
- With over 3 million cases of malaria reported in 2015, and a steady increase in cases since 2000, a significant reduction in cases in Angola is critical to the success of malaria elimination efforts in neighboring E8 countries.
- 100% of the population is at risk for malaria (Total population: 25.79 million)
The entire Angolan population is at risk of contracting malaria, although transmission patterns vary greatly by geographic location. The highest rates are seen in the north, while epidemic or sudden increases in the number of cases of malaria characterize the south. The four southern provinces have seasonal transmission and are prone to epidemics. High transmission in Angola coupled with frequent migration across borders and lack of health facilities in the southern part of the country has major implications for its low-burden neighbor, Namibia.
Focus on the End Game
Angola recently developed a five-year National Malaria Strategic Plan in 2016 which is centered around strengthening malaria control. The overarching objective is to reach a 60% reduction in mortality and morbidity related to malaria by 2020, from 2012 figures. The focus of the country’s plans to achieve its goal will be through four main intervention:
- prevention of malaria through insecticide-treated nets, indoor/outdoor spraying, and preventing malaria during pregnancy,
- all suspected cases confirmed by microscopy or Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs),
- creation of regional and national reporting structures in all health facilities, and
- procurement and supply management: Ensure that all health facilities are equipped with malaria drugs and commodities.
- Insufficient Financial Resources: Recent economic challenges in Angola have left the government unable to expand its investment in malaria; domestic funding is not adequate to cover the costs of malaria commodities, the gap in resources is significant.
- Health System Constraints: Access to health care services is critically low, and communities live far from health facilities. Human resource capacity continues to be a major challenge in Angola. Better training of existing staff in malaria treatment and diagnosis is needed in order to lower the burden of malaria in Angola.